This is the profile of documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras I’ve been linking to, a portrait of the woman whom NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden first convinced to listen to him.
It was Poitras who brought in Glenn Greenwald, Poitras who shot and edited the video of Snowden in Hong Kong. Poitras stays connected to the story, though deliberately in the background. But as the linked article says:
Their work [the work of Snowden, Greenwald, Poitras] was organized like an intelligence operation, with Poitras as the mastermind.
Laura Poitras, her mind, energy and creativity, is a huge part of this story. The New York Times portrait begins with this tantalizing information (some added emphasis and reparagraphing throughout):
How Laura Poitras Helped Snowden Spill His Secrets
This past January, Laura Poitras received a curious e-mail from an anonymous stranger requesting her public encryption key. For almost two years, Poitras had been working on a documentary about surveillance, and she occasionally received queries from strangers. She replied to this one and sent her public key — allowing him or her to send an encrypted e-mail that only Poitras could open, with her private key — but she didn’t think much would come of it.
The stranger responded with instructions for creating an even more secure system to protect their exchanges. Promising sensitive information, the stranger told Poitras to select long pass phrases that could withstand a brute-force attack by networked computers. “Assume that your adversary is capable of a trillion guesses per second,” the stranger wrote.
Before long, Poitras received an encrypted message that outlined a number of secret surveillance programs run by the government. She had heard of one of them but not the others. After describing each program, the stranger wrote some version of the phrase, “This I can prove.”
Seconds after she decrypted and read the e-mail, Poitras disconnected from the Internet and removed the message from her computer. “I thought, O.K., if this is true, my life just changed,” she told me last month. “It was staggering, what he claimed to know and be able to provide. I just knew that I had to change everything.”
Poitras remained wary of whoever it was she was communicating with. She worried especially that a government agent might be trying to trick her into disclosing information about the people she interviewed for her documentary, including Julian Assange, the editor of WikiLeaks. “I called him out,” Poitras recalled. “I said either you have this information and you are taking huge risks or you are trying to entrap me and the people I know, or you’re crazy.”
The answers were reassuring but not definitive. Poitras did not know the stranger’s name, sex, age or employer (C.I.A.? N.S.A.? Pentagon?). In early June, she finally got the answers.
Along with her reporting partner, Glenn Greenwald, a former lawyer and a columnist for The Guardian, Poitras flew to Hong Kong and met the N.S.A. contractor Edward J. Snowden, who gave them thousands of classified documents, setting off a major controversy over the extent and legality of government surveillance.
Poitras was right that, among other things, her life would never be the same.
The piece is long and interesting, so I’m giving you a solid taste above. Please do read.
You’ll find out, for example, about what happens to people who hit the “security” radar, and how that radar works. Poitras appears to have hit that radar because she, a documentary filmmaker, was on the roof of a clinic in Baghdad filming an insurgency attack in the neighborhood, when she was seen by members of the Oregon National Guard and reported — on no evidence at all — as having had advance knowledge of the attack.
That radar-hit appears to have gotten her stopped at airports when she later traveled to screen her film (a 2006 Academy Award nominee, by the way):
When she flew out of Sarajevo and landed in Vienna, she was paged on the airport loudspeaker and told to go to a security desk; from there she was led to a van and driven to another part of the airport, then taken into a room where luggage was examined.
“They took my bags and checked them,” Poitras said. “They asked me what I was doing, and I said I was showing a movie in Sarajevo about the Iraq war.And then I sort of befriended the security guy. I asked what was going on.
“He said: ‘You’re flagged. You have a threat score that is off the Richter scale. You are at 400 out of 400.’ I said, ‘Is this a scoring system that works throughout all of Europe, or is this an American scoring system?’ He said. ‘No, this is your government that has this and has told us to stop you.’ ” …
In Vienna, Poitras was eventually cleared to board her connecting flight to New York, but when she landed at J.F.K., she was met at the gate by two armed law-enforcement agents and taken to a room for questioning. …
Initially, she said, the authorities were interested in the paper she carried, copying her receipts and, once, her notebook. After she stopped carrying her notes, they focused on her electronics instead, telling her that if she didn’t answer their questions, they would confiscate her gear and get their answers that way. …
She was also told that her refusal to answer questions was itself a suspicious act.
Our noble guardians of the nation contend that, because she (and those like her) are being interrogated at “international border crossings,” constitutional rights do not apply, and thus, no lawyers for them. Shades of what happened to David Miranda when he was stopped in London; this was in New York though, land of the free.
She wonders how and when we entered a world where you can be put on a list for years and never be notified. “It’s like Kafka,” she said. “ Nobody ever tells you what the accusation is.”
Be sure to read the part of the article that details what happened to William Binney, the NSA whistle-blower after Russell Tice. Just search on “Binney”. Pretty chilling. (For more on Russell Tice, who himself has an amazing NSA tale to tell, start at the link in this sentence.)
Want more? Search for the story that includes the reference to “crayons”. No, she may not have crayons. She tells you why.
Again, there’s much more in this excellent article. After starting the Snowden-Greenwald-Poitras story, the article resumes it at the paragraph that begins “Poitras was not Snowden’s first choice”.
And don’t miss the closing paragraphs, starting with “Poitras smiled”. Yes, Laura, we are all trying to understand this world — deep state, its structure and players, its reach and intent. Its future and ours.
There are a couple of take-aways here. One is simply a portrait of a remarkable, and remarkably brave, woman and artist. Another is the way it fleshes out the Edward Snowden story. That fascinates me as well, just from a story standpoint.
Finally, Poitras’ experience at airports is what happens at the front end, the receiving end, of a grotesquely large and self-enabled national security apparatus. (Read the “It’s like Kafka” section again and imagine that’s you, simply because some hyper-vigilant cop made an unwarranted assumption “just to be sure.”)
Soon we’ll look more closely at the back end, what the muscular security state (“deep state” in some formulations) looks like from the inside. Russell Tice, a massively overlooked and under-appreciated NSA whistle-blower, has a ton more to tell us. That soon.
Are you as interested and concerned as I am? Me too.
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